TMJ stands for the temporomandibular joint that connects a joint of the jaw to the skull. Actually, the TMJ is a syndrome which can be considered as a term to describe the problems in the joint. These joint problems are also known as temporomandibular disorders. The TMJ syndrome is a condition that causes pain and dysfunction in the muscles and the jaw joint as well as control the jaw movement. According to medical survey, there are 10 million Americans are affected from this syndrome, which most commonly appears in women than men. Generally, most people do not consider the pain in the muscles or jaw joint as a serious problem because the discomfort of these pains is temporary and often occurring in cycles occasionally.
Today, many people are looking for the answers to these questions what causes these conditions and do I need TMJ treatment. According to scientific evidence, there are possible safe and effective treatments available which helps to give permanent solutions to the jaw and muscle pains. When compared to other joints in the body, the temporomandibular joint is very different which can be a combination of hinge and sliding motions that makes the joint more complicated in the body. The disorders of these joints may cause discomfort pains in the following areas include jaw joint or muscles, internal derangement of the joint, such as dislocated jaw and arthritis such as degenerative or inflammatory joint disorders. Most people have mild forms of the disorder, but it causes long-term and intolerable pain after a few weeks or months.
Causes and symptoms of TMJ disorders
The temporomandibular joint plays an ultimate role in the TMJ disorders that cause problems in the jaw joint or muscle. This condition is more common in women that lead to serious problems. There are several symptoms available that linked to the TMJ disorders, but the most common symptom is pain, particularly in the jaw joint and chewing muscles. Some of the most likely symptoms and signs caused by TMJ disorders include,
- Stiffness in jaw muscle
- There is a painful clicking, grating or popping in the jaw joint while opening or closing the mouth.
- Radiating pain in the jaw, face or neck.
- There is a locking or limited movement of the jaw.
- There is a change in the way of upper and lower teeth fits together.
Risk factors of TMJ syndrome
The TMJ syndrome is a common disorder of the jaw muscles which can be often caused by the injury to the temporomandibular joint. Many people thing that do I need TMJ treatment, but the treatment is very essential to get relief from this syndrome. There are many risk factors involved in this syndrome that includes,
- Women have increased risk from 18 to 44 years of age.
- Poor posture in the neck or upper back muscles that lead to discomfort of jaw muscle function.
- People have increased risk who suffered with chronic inflammatory arthritis.
- Stress may increase the jaw clenching and muscle tension.